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Low phosphorus: What to do, what to do?

Another shorter one.

As we can see, low phosphorus makes people miserable (De Lorenzo, Hargreaves, & Kakkar, 1998; Land et al., 1993; Laroche, 2001).

There are some mentions of oral supplements and such but I think it is best just to eat meat. And continue eating your dairy.

References

De Lorenzo, F., Hargreaves, J., & Kakkar, V. V. (1998). Phosphate diabetes in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Postgraduate medical journal, 74(870), 229–32. Retrieved from http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=2360873&tool=pmcentrez&rendertype=abstract

Phosphate depletion is associated with neuromuscular dysfunction due to changes in mitochondrial respiration that result in a defect of intracellular oxidative metabolism. Phosphate diabetes causes phosphate depletion due to abnormal renal re-absorption of phosphate be the proximal renal tubule. Most of the symptoms presented by patients with phosphate diabetes such as myalgia, fatigue and mild depression, are also common in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome, but this differential diagnosis has not been considered. We investigated the possible association between chronic fatigue syndrome and phosphate diabetes in 87 patients who fulfilled the criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome. Control subjects were 37 volunteers, who explicitly denied fatigue and chronic illness on a screening questionnaire. Re-absorption of phosphate by the proximal renal tubule, phosphate clearance and renal threshold phosphate concentration were the main outcome measures in both groups. Of the 87 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome, nine also fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for phosphate diabetes. In conclusion, we report a previously undefined relationship between chronic fatigue syndrome and phosphate diabetes. Phosphate diabetes should be considered in differential diagnosis with chronic fatigue syndrome; further studies are needed to investigate the incidence of phosphate diabetes in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and the possible beneficial effect of vitamin D and oral phosphate supplements.

Land, J. M., Kemp, G. J., Taylor, D. J., Standing, S. J., Radda, G. K., & Rajagopalan, B. (1993). Oral phosphate supplements reverse skeletal muscle abnormalities in a case of chronic fatigue with idiopathic renal hypophosphatemia. Neuromuscular disorders : NMD, 3(3), 223–5. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8400863

A 57-yr-old man presented with a long history of undiagnosed fatigue but no evidence of bone disease. He was noted to have hypophosphatemia due to an idiopathic phosphaturia. Marked abnormalities of exercising skeletal muscle detected by phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy and by plasma metabolite measurements were consistent with mitochondrial dysfunction. Oral phosphate supplements restored plasma phosphate concentration and muscle biochemistry to normal and produced considerable improvement in symptoms and exercise tolerance, although the phosphate concentration in muscle was only marginally low and increased little by treatment. We conclude that hypophosphatemia should be excluded in unexplained fatigue.

Laroche, M. (2001). Phosphate, the renal tubule, and the musculoskeletal system. Joint, bone, spine : revue du rhumatisme, 68(3), 211–5. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11394620

A component of ATP, phosphate is at the hub of the energy-related mechanisms operative in muscle cells. Together with calcium, phosphate is involved in bone tissue mineralization: thus, a chronic alteration in the metabolism of phosphate can induce bone and joint disorders. Diagnosis of chronic hypophosphatemia. Serum phosphate, calcium, and creatinine should be assayed simultaneously. Serum calcium is increased in hypophosphatemia caused by hyperparathyroidism and decreased in osteomalacia. Urinary phosphate excretion should be measured in patients with a normal serum calcium level and a serum phosphate level lower than 0.80 mmol/L. A decrease in urinary phosphate excretion to less than 10 mmol/24 h strongly suggests a gastrointestinal disorder, such as malabsorption, antacid use, or chronic alcohol abuse. In patients with a urinary phosphate excretion greater than 20 mmol/24 h, the maximal rate of tubular reabsorption of phosphate (TmPO4) and the ratio of TmPO4 over glomerular filtration rate (GFR) should be determined to look for phosphate diabetes. Manifestations and causes of phosphate diabetes in adults. Moderately severe phosphate diabetes in adults manifests as chronic fatigue, depression, spinal pain, and polyarthralgia, with osteoporosis ascribable to increased bone resorption. Although many cases are idiopathic, investigations should be done to look for X-linked vitamin D-resistant rickets missed during childhood, a mesenchymatous tumor, or Fanconi’s syndrome with renal wasting of phosphate, glucose, and amino acids. Management of phosphate diabetes. Phosphate supplementation and, in patients with normal urinary calcium excretion, calcitriol produce some improvement in the symptoms and increase the bone mineral density. Whether dipyramidole is clinically effective remains unclear.

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